Plasma Pen’s Perfect Bleaching Cream is a unique combination of professional strength ingredients with bioactive botanicals to restore even skin tone by lightening pigmentation irregularities. It helps diminish the appearance of all forms of hyperpigmentation including melasma and it brightens skin and evens skin tone. The 5 key active ingredients for this product are (1) Hydroquinone 4% – an FDA approved medical grade active ingredient which lightens brown spots and discolourations caused by sun exposure, hormones and post-inflammatory pigmentation. Hydroquinone acts by blocking the enzyme tyrosinase which is involved in pigment production, (2) Licorice extract which is anti-inflammatory and also helps inhibit pigmentation by preventing tyrosinase activation, (3) Kojic Acid which is an antioxidant that helps reduce the production of the melanin responsible for our skin colour and thus helping to lighten skin discolouration and dark spots, (4) Arbutin which is anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial and a natural whitening agent from the extract of the Bearberry plant and (5) Ascorbic Acid which is a powerful antioxidant that helps repair damaged skin and increase collagen synthesis - essential to healthy skin. It lightens skin discolorations and improves the skins elasticity and smoothness. Not only should this product be used after a treatment to help mitigate any risk of pigmentation (please note that it is still essential clients also use SPF50 as directed) but, more importantly, it can also be used as part of a 4 week pre-treatment regime, especially for those clients who present as Fitzpatrick Skin Type 4, to help correct any existing pigmentation issues and suppress the future likelihood of any issues occurring.